Iniciar sessão

Navegar para Cima
A aplicação Web não foi encontrada em http://cvarg.azores.gov.pt/publicacoes. Verifique se escreveu o URL correctamente. Se o URL tiver de fornecer conteúdo existente, o administrador do sistema poderá ter de adicionar um novo mapeamento do URL do pedido à aplicação de destino.
A aplicação Web não foi encontrada em http://cvarg.azores.gov.pt/publicacoes. Verifique se escreveu o URL correctamente. Se o URL tiver de fornecer conteúdo existente, o administrador do sistema poderá ter de adicionar um novo mapeamento do URL do pedido à aplicação de destino.
Não é possível visualizar esta Peça Web. Para resolver o problema, abra esta página Web num editor de HTML compatível com o Microsoft SharePoint Foundation como, por exemplo, o Microsoft SharePoint Designer. Se o problema persistir, contacte o administrador do servidor Web.


ID de Correlação:1adda700-94ba-4060-b784-2943ed493fca


Artigos em revistas ► internacionais com arbitragem

 

Referência Bibliográfica


ZANON, V., KUEPPERS, U., PACHECO, J., CRUZ, I. (2013) - Volcanism from fissure zones and the Caldeira central volcano at Faial Island, Azores archipelago: geochemical processes in multiple feeding systems. Geological Magazine. 150 (3). p. 536-555. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756812000702.​

Resumo


​Magmas in Faial Island, Azores (Portugal), were mostly erupted from two fissure zones and the Caldeira central volcano during overlapping periods. The fissure zones follow extensional trends oriented WNW and ESE and erupted nepheline- to hypersthene-normative basalts and hawaiites. The Caldeira central volcano builds the central part of the island, which is cut by the fissure zones. Ne-normative basalts show similar high-field-strength element (HFSE) concentrations but higher large ion lithophile element (LILE) concentrations than hy-normative equivalents. Primitive melts were generated by small (3–5%) degrees of partial melting of garnet-bearing peridotite, variably enriched in incompatible elements. Overall, basalts from Faial show relatively higher LILE abundances and LILE/HFSE ratios than those of the other islands of the Azores and of many other volcanoes in the Atlantic area. This feature indicates the existence of chemical heterogeneities in the mantle sources characterized by variable degrees of metasomatism, both at local and regional scales. Hawaiites evolved from basalts through 30–40% fractional crystallization of mafic phases plus some plagioclase, in deep reservoirs, at about 430–425 MPa (~ 15 km). The Caldeira central volcano rocks range from basalts to trachytes. Basalts, produced under similar conditions as fissure basalts, evolved to trachytes through large degrees of polybaric fractional crystallization (100–760 MPa; i.e. ~ 3.6–26 km), involving olivine, clinopyroxene, feldspar and minor quantities of amphibole, biotite, apatite and oxides. In contrast, mafic magmas from the fissure zones were erupted directly onto the surface from magma reservoirs mainly located at the crust–mantle boundary.
 

Observações


Anexos