Iniciar sessão

Navegar para Cima
A aplicação Web não foi encontrada em http://cvarg.azores.gov.pt/publicacoes. Verifique se escreveu o URL correctamente. Se o URL tiver de fornecer conteúdo existente, o administrador do sistema poderá ter de adicionar um novo mapeamento do URL do pedido à aplicação de destino.
A aplicação Web não foi encontrada em http://cvarg.azores.gov.pt/publicacoes. Verifique se escreveu o URL correctamente. Se o URL tiver de fornecer conteúdo existente, o administrador do sistema poderá ter de adicionar um novo mapeamento do URL do pedido à aplicação de destino.
Não é possível visualizar esta Peça Web. Para resolver o problema, abra esta página Web num editor de HTML compatível com o Microsoft SharePoint Foundation como, por exemplo, o Microsoft SharePoint Designer. Se o problema persistir, contacte o administrador do servidor Web.


ID de Correlação:9a85573d-e19b-42ce-b77f-ae0b16229b5c


Painéis ► em encontros internacionais

 

Referência Bibliográfica


ZANON, V., NERI, M., PECORA, E. (2007) - Dynamics of low energy explosive activity at Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy). IUGG XXIV General Assembly, Perugia, Itália, 02 - 13 de Julho (Poster).


Resumo


Twenty low-energy (0.0077 – 0.6250 kg/s) explosions from the Northeast Crater of Stromboli Volcano, recorded by a thermal camera, were studied in detail to better understand their dynamics. Each single burst consists of three different jets of different material which come one after another: at first, “cold” vapour flashes above the crater, expands and then disappears within 0.6 s after the onset of the explosion, at a velocity of 40-113 m/s. This air shock wave is immediately followed by the expansion of a jet of “hot” magmatic gas, at a velocity of 35-75 m/s. Colder coarse tephra (bombs and scoriae) appear about 1.6-2 s after the onset of the explosion, moving at a reduced velocity (28-60 m/s). Further on, some of these data were utilized to calibrate a set of flow simulations in a 220-260-m-long conduit, which validates the model of slug flow for these kinds of eruptions. Finally, coupling all the collected data with the stratigraphy of the volcano, we hypothesized that a physical barrier might be responsible for the formation of these slugs of gas and their ascent towards the surface at regular intervals. This possible barrier acts as a siphon and seems to be generated by the displacement of the upper conduit due to summit instability. This model justifies the constant intervals between explosions, the insensitivity of this behaviour to the occurrence of effusive episodes and highly explosive events, as well as, the generation of fairly constant petrochemical characteristics of the magma which is commonly erupted, with time.

Observações


Anexos